As an immigration and criminal law attorney with extensive experience practicing in New York and New Jersey, I have encountered numerous cases where non-citizens face complex legal challenges. One of the most significant is the additional consequences they encounter when involved in criminal matters. This article aims to elucidate these implications in a systematic manner.

As a seasoned lawyer specializing in immigration and criminal law, my legal practice in the vibrant states of New York and New Jersey has exposed me to a multitude of instances where individuals without citizenship status grapple with intricate legal obstacles. A notable concern often overlooked is the heightened repercussions that accompany their entanglement in criminal affairs. This piece seeks to shed light on these ramifications in a methodical fashion. Concepts Technical Terms:

  1. Immigration Law: The area of law concerning the rights and obligations of individuals in relation to immigration into and stay in a country.
  2. Criminal Law: The body of law that relates to crime.
  3. Legal Challenges: Difficulties or hurdles encountered within the confines of the law.

Basic Legal Definitions

Before delving into the complexities, it’s crucial to understand some basic legal terms.

Citizenship and Non-Citizen Status

  • Citizen: A legal member of a country, either by birth or naturalization.
  • Non-Citizen: An individual who is not a citizen, including lawful permanent residents (LPRs), visa holders, and undocumented immigrants.

Legal Consequences of Criminal Charges

  • Deportation: The formal removal of a non-citizen from the United States.
  • Inadmissibility: The inability to re-enter the United States after leaving.
  • Visa Revocation: The cancellation of a non-citizen’s visa, which can occur even without a criminal conviction.

The Impacts of Criminal Convictions on Non-Citizens

1. Deportation Proceedings Non-citizens may be placed in removal proceedings if they are convicted of certain types of crimes, particularly aggravated felonies and crimes involving moral turpitude.

2. Ineligibility for Relief Criminal convictions can make non-citizens ineligible for certain forms of immigration relief, such as asylum or cancellation of removal.

3. Impact on Naturalization A criminal record can delay or prevent a non-citizen from qualifying for naturalization as a U.S. citizen.

Forms of Deportation Relief

There are several types of relief from deportation that non-citizens may explore:

  1. Cancellation of Removal: Available to certain non-citizens who have been present in the U.S. for a specified period and meet other criteria.
  2. Asylum: Granted to individuals who can demonstrate a well-founded fear of persecution in their home country.
  3. Adjustment of Status: May be an option for some non-citizens to become lawful permanent residents despite a criminal record.

Legal Citations and Regulations

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), specifically Sections 212(a) and 237(a), outlines the grounds of inadmissibility and deportability related to criminal convictions. Additionally, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) provides detailed procedures for the application of these grounds.

Technical Language and Legal Terminology

In the field of immigration law, precision is key. Terms such as Aggravated Felony (AF) and Crime Involving Moral Turpitude (CIMT) carry specific legal meanings that significantly impact a non-citizen’s legal status. AF and CIMT are well-defined in the INA and are pivotal in deportation defense cases.

Each of these legal provisions has distinct criteria and consequences. For instance, an Aggravated Felony, though broadly defined, typically includes crimes such as murder, drug trafficking, and firearms offenses, and can lead to mandatory deportation.

Legal discussions frequently employ abbreviations like LPR (Lawful Permanent Resident) and EOIR (Executive Office for Immigration Review). Understanding these terms is fundamental to navigating the U.S. immigration system.

Personal Experience

In my career, I have advised countless non-citizens on the immigration consequences of criminal activity. This complex intersection of law requires not only legal expertise but also a deep understanding of how criminal law impacts immigration status.

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can a non-citizen be deported for a misdemeanor? A: Yes, certain misdemeanors may be considered deportable offenses, particularly if they are classified as crimes involving moral turpitude or are drug-related.

Q: What is a Crime Involving Moral Turpitude (CIMT)? A: CIMTs are crimes that are inherently base, vile, or depraved, and contrary to the accepted rules of morality and the duties owed between persons or to society in general.

Q: Are there any waivers available for non-citizens with criminal convictions? A: Yes, waivers are available under certain sections of the INA, such as 212(h), but eligibility depends on the specific circumstances of the case.

Q: How can an immigration attorney help a non-citizen facing criminal charges? A: An immigration attorney can provide counsel on the potential immigration consequences of criminal charges and can assist in seeking relief from deportation.

  1. 212(c) Waiver Lawyer
  2. Criminal and Immigration Attorney
  3. Aggravated Assault
  4. Asylum Lawyer
  5. Burglary Defense Lawyer
  6. Cancellation of Removal
  7. Criminal Defense Lawyer
  8. Cyber Crime Defense
  9. Deportation Defense
  10. Domestic Violence
  11. Drug Crimes
  12. Federal Immigration Crimes
  13. I-601 Waiver
  14. Immigration Appeals
  15. Immigration Bond
  16. Immigration Fraud Defense
  17. Motion 440.10 New York
  18. Motion to Change Venue
  19. Motion to Reopen
  20. Prosecutorial Discretion
  21. Reentry After Deportation
  22. Robbery
  23. S Visa
  24. Stay of Deportation Lawyer
  25. Theft Offenses
  26. U Visa Lawyer
  27. Writ Coram Nobis
  28. Writ Habeas Corpus
  1. The Deportation Timeline: How Long Does ICE Take to Deport Someone?
  2. The Legal Threshold of Second-Degree Aggravated Assault and Its Immigration Effects
  3. Exploring the 1601 Waiver: How It Can Benefit Immigrants Facing Adversity
  4. The Impact of NY Penal Law Robbery Charges on Immigration Status
  5. Navigating the Legal System: How to File a Respondent’s Motion to Change Venue